DSI Managing Office Co-director Markus Christen and his research team published a new study "Trolley dilemma in the sky: Context matters when civilians and cadets make remotely piloted aircraft decisions". In this study, decision-making and emotional conflict of remotely piloted aircrafts operators within Trolley-Problem-like dilemma situations were analyzed.
Results show that Air Force cadets and civilian students were less likely to make the common utilitarian choice (sacrificing one to save five), when the value of the one increased, especially in the military context. However, in the firefighter context, this decision pattern was much less pronounced.
You can find the study here.